Simple and unadorned changzhi folk customs
Domestic residents to courtyard or SanGeYuan (no south room) type is given priority to, also have only BeiFang and north, west room or DongFang, south room, building structure, coal production production lime place, tile timber structure which is; Don’t produce coal and lime place, the wall tile roof which is. Mountain and hilly farmers, some live old brick, some live cave. Cave is in accordance with the cliff drill hole’s cooked, have built of brick kilns, have ShiYao. ShiYao hu materials stone into the work of the ShiYao, useful also stones and SLATE base into a ShiYao. In recent years, cement brick structure of the small building and unit housing also began to appear in some rural areas. Berth, many rural still heatable adobe sleeping platform is given priority to. Central north for kang surface built under a stack of warm kang. Ze state and county, kang not refuge, and in the middle of the house built another fire station, winter show guests home has “please fire station” across the common fire. Nowadays most people to switch to the iron furnace or TuNuanQi heating to sleep wood, iron bed also common occurance. Rural furniture decoration exquisite strong, practical. Most of the people DangJian have two bucket or three measures of cabinet table and large opening box tank. More exquisite and people, and ZhengWu to put a long narrow table, square table and fauteuil. Nowadays there are many somebody else to put the sofa and TV ark, etc. Rural houses is second only to marry marry event. Ward QinLin will help. Especially the day of top, not only should stick to write a “good luck in the top” and so on auspicious words red paper, and airing of views firecrackers, in order to geely, and to show congratulations. Dress of the old folk customs in partisan, rich posted many wearing silks and satins, gown, civilian people wear denim jacket. Cotton-padded clothes, lined clothes except jacket outside, are PianJin, women garment of single layer also wear PianJin. Along with the social change, clothing shoes and hats also changed continuously. Now a lot of farmers’ clothes and city people differ not quite, a few local retained traditional clothing also only single DouDu, big DouDu, wrapped belly, belts and anti child Eva and a few. Diet custom 1949 years ago, the local people eat with corn flour, corn Ge net weight and millet is given priority to. Farmers and urban poor, general breakfast to corn batter rice, corn meal of corn is given priority to, lunch with small rice millet stew rice with ZaMian is given priority to, to dinner and child rice is given priority to. 10 days and a half months eat a meal and three (with starch, bean flour, a little flour make), improve the living. Only the Chinese New Year or DuanYang, Mid-Autumn festival, the rice glue ball etc big festival, to eat meat, wheat flour (or pancake, dumplings). Most poor farmers is wet food dry deposit, four committee constantly. Staff, clerk, a small master, rich farmers, also with one meter side (that is, one day at noon to eat the wheat flour, one day at noon to eat millet) for good food. After the founding of new China, the people’s life getting better, but eat potherb habits farmers also retains. In addition to 1959-1961 years of 3 years difficult time rural edible dried sweet potato, etc DaiShiPin outside, the rest of the time most people to solve the problem of food and clothing. By the 1970 s, the life level gradually improved, wheat flour, rice became a potluck. In the 80 s, the town people seldom eat grains. Breakfast for twisted dough-strips, instant noodles, small rice, etc., at noon to wheat flour, rice is given priority to, dinner with noodles soup, steamed buns is given priority to. Rural breakfast in small rice, corn meal of corn is given priority to, begins to noodles, rice is given priority to. Whether towns, villages, holiday or relatives and friends together, have to do more than ten courses catering, chicken, fish, edible fungus, etc of seafood, common occurance. Marriage customs in addition to the old men and women get married under their parents’ orders, by matchmakers’ help outside, pass asked to name, character 8, NaCai, please phase process. A large family of a slight status is more exquisite. New social advocate free love, free marriage, process save many, usually have a engagement even without engagement can direct registration marriage. But “mail” heavy, spend big but with the improvement of people’s living standard and gradually rise. Except outside gown, different period of “a few big” and the “three golden” indispensable and so on. Some rural there are still ask for “mail” learning, and the woman home for the big amount of the poor. Dowry thing also unceasingly increasing, gradually rise. Especially in recent years, the daughter of rich virgin marries, she accompany deposit that accompany the car also common occurance. Yingqin way, in the past in litters, ride horses. Now the city by car, most rural tend to sit cart or tractor, and the riders on horses have. The old changzhi area is another common, i.e., when the man which not only want to go to a matron of honour, suite, but also have the same as the groom wearing new, ride a gao tou2 Malaysia “partners’” live with her, in recent years, already did not see more, cao bang area also have a common, the bride will wait until the evening to arose, and went to the husband’s household, has is night, known as the night to marry. Yu son old customs, women after childbirth within one hundred days, especially before the full moon taboo quite a lot. Maternal housing door and towel cap must be marked with red cloth, forbid strangers and man into. Mothers can’t literally go out. Postpartum a month can only eat dilute can’t eat dry, especially before 3 days only drink m fluids. Deliver also with old method, after the founding of new China gradually changed. In recent years, no matter the city, maternity much to the hospital. At the same time, the children in different age groups have different customs. Children from birth to full one full year of life to many “festival”, including three days, 12 (or half a month), a full moon, one hundred days, relatives and congratulate respectively. The first fetal full moon (full 30 days or be name the date) most to meeting new friends. One hundred days or one one full year of life, 3 years old birthday was also more. To full 12 or 15 years old to hold “unlocked” ceremony, many friends are close to congratulate. Funeral customs ShangDang area is very important to the funeral, send a “die much thick in care of” say. Not only “SuShang extravagant spenders have” and “mud Yin said say, flooded Jiu not was buried,” self contained in the mortuary feted, “product content Chu spirit, poor pole HuaXuan”. Folk ChuSang, the music to have six of seven days, are some also please monks low turn. Historically, lucheng, ze, ooze three states collectors but advocating reform funeral custom of re-debate, but its little effect. In recent years, the funeral customs, in addition to the city promotion cremation outside, rural still more for burial, and the funeral and interment ceremony of new and old stack potential. Single sheet firm is concerned, the old jin, herself, ZhiMa no reduction, but new laid a wreath at the tomb of the TV and paper, paper paste automobile new product, so that the larger scale, spend more. By area “LingPeng” is particularly exquisite, not only want to use a large number of cloth lap into, LingPeng also points have hall, hall, as suite room generally. Along with the market economy system establishment, many places have appeared specifically for the funeral service music shacks. Ancestor worship custom ShangDang area of ancestor worship means has ethnic, grave offering two kinds, with grave offering is given priority to. Ethnic is holiday at home to genealogy and ancestors wood (paper) memorial tablet memorial to burn incense. Grave offering in addition to the Spring Festival and death anniversary outside, mainly in the three times, namely tomb-sweeping day, hungry ghost festival (the lunar July 15) and the yuan festival (on the first day of the lunar October). Every time JiSao also have different way. Clear and bright JiSao will give tomb added, pressure note, in the reactor and bean sprouts, rolling steamed bread. In yuan JiSao shall offer surface sheep, yuan JiSao to send winter clothing. Three quarters of north-central region lay particular stress on tomb-sweeping day and the yuan festival, in the central is especially heavy hungry ghost festival. It also has a special minority county, such as part of the scucession Alt ogether place, a year only last grave, and SaoMuRen to come to go. Some people burned offering, and the other friends and relatives can’t again into the grave.